Swollen, twisting, enlarged, generally blue or dark purple in color, and frequently linked to faulty valves in the vein. These are the common characteristic of varicose veins. According to the reports of Health Authorities, varicose veins are most common in adult females than males, and it affect almost 30% of all adults. Knowing what causes varicose veins is necessary in order to avoid those things that could result to develop such disease.
What is Varicose Veins?
Certain study shows that standing still in long period of time can help increase your risk of having this disease. This is due to the fact that when you are in a steady position for a long time, blood becomes stagnant in those vein areas resulting to pain and discomfort.
Varicose veins are those bulging blue, unattractive, distended, and tortuous twisting veins that are typically found in a person’s legs and can be very painful. It commonly appears when the walls of the veins weakened and the blood cannot passes through. They also develop when blood flow in the veins slows down due to a poorly-functioning valve. Weak vein walls can cause the vein to stretch and this can cause the vein valve to malfunction.
Varicose veins appear swollen and twisted when examined and can also cause open sores when scratched. The diameter of this type of a vein is not less than three millimeters.
What Causes Varicose Veins
There are several factors that are said to cause varicose veins. Some of these factors include the following:
Varicose veins are said to be hereditary. Studies have shown that people who suffered from this kind of condition have also other family members or relatives who have suffered from this disorder as well. Weak veins and walls may also be inherited characteristics.
Excessive weight gain puts pressure on the legs. The weight that would be found in their abdomen is then passed through to their legs and as a result causes the veins to become much larger.
The older we get, the more likely we are to develop varicose veins. Frequent hormonal fluctuations during pregnancy and menopause cause many older women to lose elasticity and tone in leg veins.
Added weight gain during pregnancy may put a strain on leg veins. Blood flow is increased in your body; however the flow is decreased from your legs to your pelvis. In the majority of cases, the varicose veins go away after the pregnancy is over but sometimes not all of them.
The result of nutritional deficiencies is decreased leg circulation causing legs and ankles to swell possibly resulting in leg vein problems.
• Lack of Exercise
Lack of exercise can often result in added pressure on veins and poor blood circulation in the legs.
• Poorly functioning valves
If the veins are not working properly, it stops the blood from flowing back the way it normally does. As a result, blood flows the wrong way from the deep to the superficial veins which become twisted, bulging, and enlarged.
• Sitting or standing for a long period
Standing and sitting for a long period of time often increase the pressure in your leg veins and in your lower body. Due to the pressure in your lower extremities, the veins in the legs tend to become enlarged and swollen.
• Tight Clothing
Wearing tight garments especially around the waist restricts venous blood flow causing pooling of blood and poor circulation in lower legs and ankles.
In general, there are so many facts about what causes varicose veins. However, it can be hard to pinpoint the exact reason a person has them. No medical treatment can prevent new veins from becoming swollen or painful. But alternative therapies continue to be the method of choice for most people.